General Site Remediation
Training for a contaminated site falls into 40 Hour, 24 Hour, 8 hour Supervisor and 8 hour annual refresher for each of these.
40-Hour HAZWOPER General Site Worker Initial
Individuals must be able to select, use, and maintain personal protective equipment to minimize exposure to hazards. You must become familiar with the operation and use of monitoring and sampling equipment used to conduct a thorough site characterization. You should also prepare Health and Safety Plans and conduct a mock site investigation. The course is designed for environmental engineers, safety and health personnel, plant/site workers, emergency response personnel, and all others involved in hazardous waste operations who must comply with the training requirements of 29 CFR 1910.120 (e).
24-Hour HAZWOPER General Site Worker Initial
This training is similar to the training described above but is intended for employees with a lower exposure, or likelihood of exposure, to hazardous materials. The course concentrates more on hazard recognition and measurement and covers personal protective equipment and work practices in keeping with the risk level.
8-Hour HAZWOPER Supervisor Initial
Training is required for onsite management and supervisory personnel who are engaged in hazardous waste operations under 29 CFR 1910.120 (e). Topics should include employer’s safety and health programs, drill planning and execution, and employee training programs. Other topics included are personal protective equipment programs, spill containment methods and procedures, and techniques for health hazard monitoring. Completion of the 40-Hour General Site Worker course is a prerequisite.
8-Hour HAZWOPER Site Worker Refresher
This annual OSHA regulatory training is required under 29 CFR 1910.120 (e). These specific refreshers for the 40-hour initial training are designed to reinforce and update current health and safety practices for personnel engaged in hazardous waste/substance operations. Students must provide proof of initial or, current refresher training.
Emergency Response Operations
One of the first questions you need to ask is whether or not you will be performing emergency response. If your facility does perform emergency response, you must determine who is responsible for emergency response and to what level. The existence of a “spill team” does not necessarily mean the team performs emergency response.
The HAZWOPER standard establishes five basic training requirements related to chemical emergency response: the First Responder Awareness Level, First Responder Operations Level, Hazardous Materials Technician, Hazardous Materials Specialist, and On-Scene Incident Commander training. These training levels are based on an emergency response.
First Responder Awareness Level training is required for individuals who are likely to witness or discover a hazardous substance release and who would take no action beyond notification of the proper authorities. Even if you do not have a spill team and do not plan to respond to spill emergencies, your employees might need First Responder Awareness Level training. This training potentially could include everyone from the chemical operator to the security guard, mail clerk and salesperson. The standard specifies six areas of competency that must be achieved either through training or experience, including understanding the risks associated with a hazardous substance incident.
First Responder Operations Level training is required for individuals who respond to releases or potential releases as part of the initial response. They are trained to respond in a defensive manner to protect people, property and the environment. Defensive actions are those taken from a safe distance to keep the spill from spreading and to prevent exposures. Examples include covering drains, placing spill booms or barriers and barricading access points,” all from safe distances. Eight hours of training or sufficient experience to demonstrate competency is required. The areas of required competency include hazard and risk assessment techniques, selection and use of personal protective equipment, spill control and containment, decontamination and standard operating procedures.
Hazardous Materials Technician training is required for individuals who will respond to the release or potential release for the purpose of stopping the release. They usually will be close to the source of the release and, therefore, have a high potential for harmful exposures. Examples include over packing a leaking drum or collecting contaminated absorbents. The Hazardous Materials Technician level calls for 24 hours of training. Personnel also must demonstrate competency in several areas, including the emergency response plan, instrumentation, the incident command system, selection and use of personal protective equipment, hazard and risk assessment, containment and control, decontamination, termination procedures and basic chemistry and toxicology.
Hazardous Materials Specialist training is similar to the Hazardous Materials Technician training. However, the specialist is required to have greater knowledge of the chemicals to which he or she might respond, as well as to act as a liaison with governmental authorities. He or she also provides support to the hazardous materials technician and 24 hours of training is required. Areas of required competency include those required of the hazardous materials technician, plus an understanding of the state emergency plan and in- depth hazard and risk assessment techniques. He or she also must be able to determine decontamination procedures, develop a site safety and control plan and demonstrate a greater knowledge of chemistry and toxicology.
On-Scene Incident Commander training is required for response beyond the First Responder Awareness Level. The role of the incident commander is to assume control of the incident scene. The incident commander must be someone on-site who is designated and trained to be in charge of the incident.
The required training will vary with the level and complexity of the response. The minimum required training is 24 hours, including at least First Responder Operations Level training. Competency must be demonstrated in implementation of the incident command system, the employer’s emergency plan and the local emergency plan. He or she must understand the hazards and risks of working in personal protective equipment and the importance of decontamination.
RCRA TSD Operations
24-Hour HAZWOPER RCRA TSDF Initial
Individuals must be able to select, use, and maintain personal protective equipment to minimize exposure to hazards. You must become familiar with the operation and use of monitoring and sampling equipment used to conduct a thorough site characterization. The training is designed for environmental engineers, safety and health personnel, plant/site workers, emergency response personnel, and all others involved in hazardous waste operations relating to the treatment, storage or disposal of hazardous wastes at RCRA permitted facilities.
8-Hour HAZWOPER RCRA TSDF Refresher
This annual OSHA regulatory training is required under 29 CFR 1910.120 (p). These specific refreshers for the 24-hour or the RCRA/TSD initial training are designed to reinforce and update current health and safety practices for personnel engaged in hazardous waste/substance operations. Attendees must provide proof of initial or, current refresher training.
If your facility is a RCRA Part B permitted facility, you will fall under the purview of the RCRA Corrective Action regulations. This can have a profound impact on any remediation efforts at your facility. U.S. EPA enforces the RCRA Corrective Action regulations and any waste generated during remediation will be subject to the solid waste/hazardous waste definition. Hazardous wastes fall into 2 categories – Characteristic and Listed. If any of your generated wastes are considered “listed” the impact to your operation will be substantial. Anything that comes in contact with a listed hazardous waste must itself be managed as a hazardous waste.
Any of the 3 HAZWOPER training levels must contain the following items.
· HAZWOPER Overview and Regulation
· Organization Structure
· Safety and Health Programs
· Site Characterization
· Hazard Recognition
· Personal Protective Equipment
· Medical Surveillance
· Hazard controls
· Air Monitoring
· Confined Space Entry
· Emergency Procedures
· Other Hazards
· Proper hygiene facilities