HAZWOPER training requirements for first responder operations level appear under 29 CFR 1910.120 (q)(6)(ii), which indicates a minimum training duration and outlines topics to be covered (competencies the worker must acquire). Training that is relevant to the required competencies counts toward the minimum time requirement, even if the training is provided as a separate course. For example, training on HAZWOPER PPE that will be used during patient decontamination activities may be applied towards the 8-hour minimum first responder operations level training requirement, regardless of whether the training is conducted as part of a specific HAZWOPER training course or as part of another training program.
29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies first responder awareness level training requirements. An initial amount of training is not specified, but an annual refresher is required.
OSHA requires first responders at the awareness level to receive sufficient training or to have had sufficient experience to:
1) Understand what hazardous substances are and their risks in an incident.
2) Understand potential outcomes of an emergency with hazardous substances.
3) Recognize hazardous substances in an emergency.
4) Understand the role of the first responder awareness individual.
5) Notify the communication center appropriately.
The 29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies first responder operations level training requirements. OSHA requires first responders at the operations level to be trained to respond in a defensive fashion without trying to stop the release. The training program for first responders at the operational level must enable them to contain the release from a safe distance, to keep it from spreading, and to prevent exposures. The amount of HAZWOPER training required for first responders at the operations level is at least 8 hours initially with an annual refresher thereafter.
The 29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies HAZWOPER HAZMAT technician training requirements. The training received by HAZMAT technicians must enable them to assume a more aggressive role than a first responder at the operations level in that they will approach the point of release in order to plug, patch, or otherwise stop the release of a hazardous substance. Therefore, OSHA requires HAZMAT technicians to receive at least 24 hours of training in addition to the First Responder Operations training requirements to receive a HAZWOPER certification. An annual refresher is also required.
The hazardous material technician must be able to:
1) Implement the facility’s emergency response plan.
2) Use field survey equipment.
3) Function within the Incident Command System.
4) Use PPE.
5) Conduct hazard and risk assessments.
6) Perform advance control, containment, and confinement operations.
7) Use decontamination procedures.
8) Understand and use proper termination procedures.
9) Understand basic chemical and toxicological terminology and behavior.
The 29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies HAZWOPER HAZMAT specialist training requirements. The training received by HAZMAT specialists must enable them to have a more directed or specific knowledge of the various substances that they may be called upon to contain and allow them to act as a site liaison with Federal, State, local, and other government authorities in regards to site activities. OSHA requires HAZMAT specialists to receive at least 24 hours of training equal to the technician level and have competencies in certain disciplines. An annual refresher is also required.
Therefore, OSHA requires HAZMAT specialists to receive the following training in addition to the 24 hours of training required for the HAZMAT technician level:
1) Familiarization with the local and State emergency response plans.
2) Use of the site safety and control plan.
3) Application of in-depth hazard and risk assessment techniques.
4) Knowledge of chemical, radiological, and toxicological terminology and behavior.
The 29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies HAZWOPER on-scene incident commander training requirements. The training received by incident commanders must enable them to implement all applicable emergency response plans and control and manage the incident. Therefore, OSHA requires incident commanders to be trained at least to the first responder operations level. In addition, incident commanders must be able to implement and run the Incident Command System and facility emergency response plan, and be familiar with the local State emergency response plans and the Federal Regional Response Team. An annual refresher is also required.